Hyperacidity is caused due to derangement of digestive fire by vitiated pitta energy. It is characterized by the inflammation and irritation of the gastric mucosa. The ayurvedic treatment for Hyperacidity mainly includes dietary restrictions, internal medicines to pacify the aggravated pitta energy. Persons with chronic history of hyperacidity may be advised to undergo some detoxifying Ayurvedic Panchakarma treatment procedures like Virechana or Vamana, as per the stage of the disease. In all cases practice of Yoga and meditation are recommended to minimize the level of stress and anxiety, which are considered to be the major causative factors of hyperacidity.